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Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"

Matsumae Castle is the only Japanese-style castle in Hokkaido and was built at the latest period. From the point of the military science, it should be very strong castle,but actually, it has a lot of defect on defense.

This time, I will introduce you those shortcomings with its good appearance. Of course, you can enjoy the tourism itself because it's famous for the cherry blossoms and has been selected as a Japan's Top 100 Castles.
Hokkaido | 日本, 〒049-1511 北海道松前郡松前町字松城
(Updated on: Feb 08, 2017)

Open Period: 4/10 - 12/10
Hours: 9:00~17:00 (enter until 16:30)
Admission:
Adults 350 yen
Elementary and junior high school students 230 yen
Access:
Take the Hakodate bus from JR Esashi Line "Kikonai" bound for "Matsumae", ride for 1h 30min, get off at "Matsushiro", and walk about 10min.
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
First of all, let's look at the whole form from the model (Fukuyama Castle's another name of Matsumae Castle). As you can see, the castle is facing the sea and about 30 turrets had been set in the coastline. It seems to be strong from the front attack! But...
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
The defense against the back was week. Actually there was nothing but a earthen wall at the postern part of the mountain side. Therefore, it became a cause for the fall of the castle in just a few hours in Hakodate war.
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
Source: geocities.jp
By the way, you can see the bomb trace of that war left in the stone wall at the bottom of the castle tower that has been rebuilt. This castle tower withstood the Pacific War, but been lost by fire in 1949.
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
Source: geocities.jp
In adding, this stone wall is what is called a tortoise shell product. The stones which were processed hexagonally is loaded without any gap. It's a very beautiful stone wall.
When you stroll around Matsumae Castle, you will notice that the walls has been bent irregularly and might feel like in a maze.

This was "to limit the attack range by providing a bend, and increase the efficiency," and "to disperse the impact energy of the bullet, and increase the durability of the wall" but...
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
In fact, it "spread the defensive range of soldiers to defense the wall and had to increase the number of the soldiers" and "because they concentrated the attack-intercept to Sannomaru, it will be week against the sea side if this place is defeated " so the disadvantage was more huge.
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
Of course, Matsumae clan also noticed these shortcomings, so they built a new "Yakata Castle" in case. But because it was in a rush and they was unfinished till the wall, it fell with the Matsumae Castle . The photo is of the trace of "Yakata Castle".
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
Why did it become such a castle? It is because it has been made only by the theory in the Edo era when there was no war for a long time. From a different aspect, it is a very valuable castle.
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
However, building technology itself is very high and you can see them in everywhere. Such as the Karamete 2nd gate in the photo is very respectable.
Even though so splendid, full of defense defect? ! The unusual "Matsumae Castle"
Such Matsumae Castle is now famous as the cherry blossoms. Every year, during the "Matsumae Cherry Blossom Festival" period, cherry trees are lit up and more than 200,000 of visitors come to see them.
In August, "Matsumae Castle Age Festival" will be held. This event is very unusual. They from in line with bikes instead of horses and will rush the national highway in the town with the armor.
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Duke1976

行ってみたいですねー
ぜひ住所とエリア名いれてください!